15 August History | India | Independence day special

15 August History | India | Independence day special

 15 August | India | History | Independence Day Special



15 August | India | History | Independence Day Special

Jay hind, Happy Independence day

74th Independence Day 2020: India's Independence Day remids the country's citizens of all the sacrifices the freedom fighters have to secure the country's future. Since its independence, India has made stellar progress in every field, including education, military and space programmes.

Commemorating the nation's independence from British rule, India will celebrate its 74th Independence Day this year, but with a slight twist. owing to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, there will be no social gathering, instead, all states and government offices have been asked to webcast their events and celebration.

Even the gathering at the red Fort, where the flag is hoisted every Independence Day, will be limited. In lieu of the precautions taken, there will not be any grand performance with the military brands either. Ideally, the citizens across the country sing and dance with patriotic songs, hoist the tricolour flag and enthusiastically recite poems remembering the sacrifices of India's freedom fighters.


HISTORY


For 200 years, Indians suffered dominating of the British colonisers beginning in 1757. their control over the country was gained by the victory of English east India. Comapany at the Battle of Plassey. Indian history is rid with famous events of retaliation and uprising which eventually drove the britishers out and forced former viceroy, Lord Mountbatten, to free India on August 15, 1947 after giving the mandate to tranfer the power to Indians. The day also maked the partition of British-ruled India into two countries, India and Pakistan.

The merchants who came to trade in India, soon started to excercise military and administrative control. Due to their massive military strenght, they started to overpower and suppress the local kingdoms, and ruled come parts of the country, Ny 1757, they had established their foothold in many parts of the country. The unfair rule led to widespreade resentment among the country men, and local populance began to revolt against them. The first organised revolt took place against the British rule in 1857. A group of Indian soldiers rebelled against British rank in meerut. Reffered to as the great struggle of 1857 or the sepoy mutiny, this marked the beginning of a new era in the country freedom movement.

The very next year, the british crown in London took the direct control of India. From 1858 tto 1947, the country was governed by Britishers with representative in the forms of governor-generals and viceroys posted in almost every state. with humongous discrimination toward Indians in their homeland, The situation kept on getting worse.

On 13 April 1919, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as Amritsar massacre took place. People had gathered at Jallianwala Bagh at Amritsar, Punjab, to Protest non-violently against the arrest and deportment of  two national leaders, Satya Pal and Dr Saifuddin Kitchlew, along with Baisakhi pilgrims. Many of them had come from outside the city and were unaware of the imposition of matial law that prohibited gathering at public place. However, General reginald dyer ordered troops to fire machine guns into a crowd of Indian protesters and killed more than a thousands people. This led to Non-Cooperation movement spearheaded by Mahatma Gandhi to protest against the incident. Protesters refuses to buy British goods and decide to purchase local handicrafts and picket liquor shops.

Such tragic incident continued, including the Bengal famine of 1943, which claimed up to five million lives. This desparity towards Indians Further strenghtened the struggle to gain complete independence. Indian leaders and revolutionaries such as Bhagat Singh, Lala Lajpat Rai, Subhas Chandra Bose, Vijajalaxmi Pandit, Chandrashekhar Azad, Sukhdev, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Sarojini Naidu, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and many more took part is the freedom struggle against Britishers over different time periods, which ultimately led to India's freedom from foreign rule.

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15 August | India | History | Independence Day Special


Attaining (achieving) Independence..


In February 1947, British Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced that his government would grant complete self-governance to British India by june 1948 at the latest. The new viceroy, Lord Mountbatten, advanced the date for the tranfer of power, believing the continuous contention between the Congress and the Muslim league might lead to a collapse of the interim government. He chose the second anniversary of Japan's surrender in World War 2, 15 August, as the date of power transfer. However, Independence came with partition of India into the dominions of India and Pakistan.

The Constituent Assembly of India met for its fifth session at 11 pm on 14th August at the Constitution Hall in New Delhi. The session was chaired by Rajendra Prasad, the first president of India. In this session, Jawarlal Nehru Delivered the famous tryst with destiny speech and motivated millions of Indians. Here's its Extract....


"Long year ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very sustantially . At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which but rarely in history, when we step out fro the old to new, when an ages ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment, we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the larger cause of humanity."


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